When it’s a mechanical issue, use problem solving and cause-and-effect thinking.
That’s called etiology, the study of causation.
When it’s not mechanical, when its emotional, spiritual or psychological, use positive psychology and solution-focused thinking.
That’s called teleology, the study of purpose.
Our society developed with discoveries about the laws of cause and effect – the work of Galileo, and Newton, and the industrial revolution.
It’s in opposition to inappropriate use of mechanistic causal thinking about the past, and in support of appropriate use of inspirational positive psychology for creating a future that we can live with.